- The Tehuantepec wind farms in Oaxaca, Mexico that are in the process of displacing thousands of Mayans from their ancestral lands.
- The Malaysian hydroelectric Murum dam which is destroying the ancestral homelands of several indigenous groups.
- The Ethiopian hydroelectric Gibe III dam which will lead to forced evictions of tens of thousands of indigenous communities.
- The Guaraqueçaba Climate Action Project in Brazil that is using armed soldiers to force indigenous communities out of their homelands to ‘protect nature’.
- The implementation of a REDD scheme in Papua New Guinea, that in reality translated as the land and power of attorney of 45,000 indigenous in East Pangia being handed over to a carbon trader.
- The implementation of a REDD scheme in the Kenyan Mau forest is currently stripping the indigenous Ogiek of their human rights and forcing them to leave their ancestral homelands.
- In Uganda another REDD scheme saw to that 22,000 people ended up being violently evicted from the Mubende and Kiboga districts in Uganda in order to make way for the UK-based New Forests Company to earn carbon credits.
i want to make it clear that this is not just happening in the “global south” (a term i loathe tbh); so often things like anti-REDD discourse get relegated to that kind of reductive thinking and it really bothers me bc not only does it erase things going on in so-called “developed nations” (another term i hate), but it effaces how transnational green policy and discourse is manifesting in shared or otherwise relational experiences of violence
other examples include the Cape Wind project in coastal Massachusetts, proposed carbon trading programs throughout the Pacific Northwest, hydroelectric dams on the Columbia and Snake rivers, federal legislation like Marine Conservation Areas that prohibit access to gathering of traditional foods, “private-access public lands” in the name of conservation that deny access to ceremonial grounds, and essentially every non-indigenous owned conservation easement
Valid points added to this. As one example, in Swedish Saebmie, whenever people criticise the building of wind farms on traditional reindeer grazing areas, they’re dismissed as lunatics and wind farms are presented as being the only alternative to building dams that would flood these lands, or mines that would harm the land permanently, so that no matter what you say, you’re dismissed as being either ‘against green energy sources’ or ‘against economic development’.
Also, most REDD schemes are initiated by Western, capitalist companies, so that they can continue with their neo-colonialism on indigenous lands around the world under a cover of ‘green-ness’. Greenwashing is an effective way to silence minorities or indigenous peoples’ right to voice their concerns around the world, be it in Sweden, Scotland, Botswana, Papua New Guinea or Canada.
And friendly reminder that indigenous people have consistently preserved their lands from an environmental perspective more than anyone else. Displacing them from their lands for “environmental” reasons is just pretentious, racist rubbish.